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The Indian Jâlatharángini appeared perhaps around 700 CE. It consisted of a set of porcelain cups tuned with water, and was played with sticks covered with felt or tipped with cork.

 The jalatharangam is a melodic percussion instrument. It consists of a set of ceramic or metal bowls of different sizes that are filled with water so that each of them produces a particular note. The jalatharangam is played by striking the edge of these bowls with beaters, one in each hand. Anayampatti S Dhandapani was the son and disciple of Anayampatti Subbaiyer, who was Asthana Vidwan of Mysore and Ramanathapuram. Dhandapani and his brother Ganesan were among the very few exponents of this instrument. – See more at:

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